The objective of this study was to investigate preventative effects of oral administration of Jijang kimchi extracts for 30 days on diabetes and liver damage in a rat model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes and alcohol-induced liver injury. Experiment 1 (diabetic model animals) had four groups: NC (normal control), DC (diabetic control), DCCK (group with DC plus commercial kimchi extracts), and DCJK (group with DC plus Jijang kimchi extracts). Experiment 2 (alcoholic liver injury model animals) also had four groups: NC (normal control), CCL4 (carbon tetrachloride), ALCK (group with one bottle of Soju plus commercial kimchi extracts), and ALJK (group with one bottle of Soju plus Jijang kimchi extracts). In experiment 1, blood triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-C, glucose, ALT, and AST levels in kimchi extract groups were lower compared to DC, while blood glucose was reduced by 9% in DCJK compared to that in DCCK (p<0.05). Blood insulin was higher in kimchi extract groups compared to that in DC. It was higher in DCJK than in DCCK (P < 0.05). Weights of liver and spleen were higher in the order of NC=DCJK > DCCK > DC. However, blood IgE level was lower in order of NC=DCJK > DCCK > DC (p<0.05). In experiment 2, blood ALT, AST, and bilirubin levels were lower in ALJK and NC than in ALCK (p<0.05). Regarding clinicopathological changes in liver tissues, the CCL4 group showed severe damage. Groups with 1 bottle of Soju and kimchi extracts also tended to cause injuries. However, the protective effect of ALJK against alcoholic injury to the liver was superior to that of ALCK. These results suggest that intake of Jijang kimchi can improve insulin secretion and immune capacity while lowering blood lipid profile, glucose, ALT, AST, and bilirubin in rat model of diabetic and alcoholic liver injury.
Sports center is the indicator of a modern city and is also a unit of government to promote sport, concerned about national citizens for their physical and mental devel-opment. The ministry of education sports bureau in order to improve the national movement environment, improve their quality of life, is actively developing and push related industry and policy, is committed to the exercise habit, and planning to build high quality and affordable 50 national sports center in Taiwan in order to enhance the whole people to participate in an ethos of the movement. Sports stadium are gradually turned to in public private way in recent years, imported by the private sector, diversi-fied management. This study was to investigate the Taipei Nangang Sports Center, the current status of human resource management that by using and collecting the related manpower and facilities information, analysis of the actual situation of human re-source, Nangang Sports Center is operated by China Youth Corps. and the study found that the human resource in Nangang sports center by selection, using, education, pro-motion, remaining employee is divided into two systems which are assignment by China Youth Corps. and self-employment by sports center itself. The recruitment stuff through different system in which will control personnel cost and budget, to achieve the maximization of the utilization of at the human resource management. In addition, the sports center is assist to its employees\' personal career, career planning respect. Its promotion rules and opportunities are make employees more recognition, more cen-tripetal force of the organization, and are willing to pay more attention to the organi-zation service. Except for providing a good environment, sports facilities and advocate sports culture. The sports center has the most important responsibility for the employee and cultivated professional stuff.
Since the service encounters are longer and non-scripted interaction, frontline employees are expected to smile and be cheerful regardless of personal feelings or emotions. In order to comply with organizational displayed rules, frontline employees need to perform not only intellectual and physical labor, but also emotional labor. Hochschild (1983) defined emotional labor as the management of feeling to create a visible facial and bodily display with a focus on showing appropriate desired behavior. To act out the desired emotional expression, the two acting strategies are identified: surface acting and deep acting. Surface acting is a bad faith, but deep acting brings the positive impression to an organization. Emotions are dynamic; however, it would be more difficult to retain FLEs’ positive emotions and perform deep acting. For this reason, the study aims to explore the process of regulating emotional labor. The qualitative approach is chosen and conducted by a hermeneutic phenomenological study which explored the regulating process of emotional labor strategies performed by hotel receptionist during service encounters. The study findings suggest the three stages that service providers experience during service encounters.
Objectives: Although androgenetic alopecia (AGA)is a cosmetic problem for lots of men and women, it’s also investigated about relations with systemic diseases. Severity of AGA was found related to coronary artery diseases in some groups. \nIntroduction:AGA also shows a predisposition to cardiovascular heart diseases. These kind of studies are done usually among male patients with AGA. Female statististic data is limited about AGA and cardiac ischemic disease markers.Carotid artery intima media thickness was found directly related to symtomatic coronary artery diseases. In this study we investigated the correlations of some blood biochemical markers’ related to cardiac ischemic diseases and carotid intima media thickness values in females with AGA.\nMaterials /Method: This study was done İn İzmir Tepecik Education and Investigation Hospital. Female volunteers with AGA older 18 years old were enrolled to the study.27 women were investigated. Mean of age was 40,93(22-66). Androgenetic alopecia were scored by Ludwig classification. Blood biochemical markers which are related to cardiac diseases were studied. These were serum total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL);low-density lipoprotein ( LDL), Triglycerides,Dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS),total testosterone,CRP levels. As imaging carotid ultrasonography was used. Right and left common carotid arteries’ intima media thickness (CIMT) were measured.These parameters were independent variables so their relations were investigated by Pearson Correlations statistics.\nResults: No corelation with other serum LDL, total Chlolesterol , triglyserides ,CRP and AGA severity could be found. A negative corelation between serum HDL level and Ludwig severity was investigated.\nConclusion: Patients of AGA must be also concerned about cardiac diseases. Measurement of CIMT in people with androgenetic alopecia (AGA) measurement can be helpful in determining risk of premature cardiovascular heart diseases. More studies are needed in this field. . There is a need for more clinical studies of relationship between serum lipids especially HDL and AGA severity in women. Key words: Female type androgenetic alopecia, DHEAS, carotid intima media thickness, cardiovascular heart diseases,HDL
Heat transfer by radiation is the main type of heat transfer in electric arc steelmaking and torch furnaces, fire boxes, combustion chambers and is 90-98 % of the total heat transfer in furnaces, fire boxes, combustion chambers. The geometrical, physical model of electric arcs and torches of furnaces, fire boxes, combustion chambers is developed. The results of calculation of heat transfer in furnaces using the developed model of the torch are presented. The error of calculations does not exceed 10%. The performed calculations using the developed model of the torch allowed to reveal uneven heating of products and to develop innovative torch furnaces, in which the heat flows are aligned on the heating surfaces, the heating time and fuel consumption are reduced